The village of Sparta joins Sing Sing on the north, and a mile beyond, immediately above the confluence of the Croton and Hudson rivers, Croton or Teller's Point separates Tappan Sea from Haverstraw Bay. The point, famous for Underhill's grape-yard, projects about a mile southerly into the river.
Writing in 1866, Benson Lossing says of Croton, "On returning to the village across the fields northward of Mount Pleasant, I obtained a full view of Tellers or Croton Point, which divides Tappan from Haverstraw Bay. It is almost two miles in length, and was called Se-nas-qua by the Indians, and by the English, Sarahs Point, in honour of Sarah, wife of William Teller, who purchased it from the Indians for a barrel of rum and twelve blankets. It was called Tellers Point until within a few years, when the name of Croton was given to it. Near its extremity, within a pleasant, embowered lawn, stood the Italian villa of R. T. Underhill, M.D., who was sixth in descent from the famous Captain Underhill, a leader in the Indian wars of New England. The point was owned by himself and brother, both of whom had extensive vineyards and luxuriant orchards. They had about eighty acres covered with Isabella and Catawba grape vine, sixty of which belonged to the doctor. They also raised fine apples and melons in great abundance."
Croton on the Hudson was settled around 1609. The construction of the Croton Dam and Aqueduct to supply water to New York City in the 1830s brought many Irish and Italian immigrants to this area. The town of Croton was incorporated in 1898. The towns name is thought to be of Indian derivation.